Adderall is a potent prescription CNS stimulant ADHD drug used for treating hyperactivity, inattention, lack of focus, impulsivity, forgetfulness, fidgeting in adults and children, or disorganization.
People also use it for treating:
- lack of focus
- excessive talking
Some people feel that Adderall has less of a drop-off effect than does Ritalin, another stimulant used for treating symptoms of ADHD, which means fewer side effects as the drug wears off. Also, a dose of this medication is typically longer lasting than a dose of Ritalin.
Adderall is an FDA-approved for adolscents, adults, and children with ADHD to help them control these symptoms. This medicine should be taken only as a part of a medical professional treatment plan that may also include exercise, diet, supplements, parent training, behavioral therapy, or school accommodations, among other medicines.
It is a combination of different amphetamine salts, including amphetamine aspartate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate.
FDA approved the generic version of both the extended and immediate forms of this medication.
What is the working mechanism of Adderall?
How Adderall can improve the impairment of ADHD is not known. It was once thought that the working mechanism of this drug involved neurotransmitters in the patient’s brain. While it is how this medicine produces the stimulating effect, it does not explain why and how the drug works for ADHD.
A medical professional sometimes also recommends Adderall for other conditions, such as narcolepsy, which is a sleeping disorder whose symptoms include sudden attacks of excessive sleepiness and daytime sleep. Our longest surveillance of the safety of the drugs comes from the following patient with narcolepsy for their entire lives. No issues from lifelong usage have been reported.
Which Adderall dosage works best?
Before taking this drug, consult with a medical professional who can answer the specific question according to your treatment and dosage. Take the exact dosage prescribed by your medical professional. The optimal dose changes throughout childhood and may go up and down over time. According to some studies, the dose must be reviewed at least once a year. After the age of 16, the amount usually stays the same for the rest of the patient’s life.
How long does Adderall stay in the body?
The effect of an extended form of Adderall capsules lasts from seven to twelve hours, depending on the chemistry of an individual. Most people require two doses per day. On the other hand, the effect of the immediate form of this medicine lasts around four hours or less. Many people have to take these doses per day.
The FDA suggests that a single dose of Adderall XR every day is the most recommended dose for an individual. Insurance companies do not cover more than one dose of this medicine every day.
Many people are sensitive to the dose of the immediate form of Adderall and the extended form of Adderall. An individual can discern a 2 or 3 mg difference in the amount. The quick form comes in increments of 2.5 mg in a range from 5 mg to 30 mg capsules. On the other hand, the extended-release formulation comes in 5 mg increments, from 5 mg to 30 mg.
You should never change the dose of Adderall or discontinue taking it without consulting your health care professional. If you or your medical professional decide to discontinue taking this drug, you may do so without tapering it off.
Since the FDA has not studied the use of an immediate form of Adderall in children below the age of three years or of an extended form of Adderall in children below the age of six years, FDA does not approve the use of this medicine in the younger age groups.
Can I develop a tolerance for Adderall?
While it is quite possible to develop a tolerance to your current dose of Adderall, it is very uncommon. Generally, there are some other factors at work. There is no such thing as a heavy dose or a low dose. There is only the correct dose for every individual at this point in their development.
The most crucial factor is how efficiently this drug is absorbed from the GI tract into the body and how quickly it gets eliminated in the urine. Foods that contain a heavy amount of citric acid and ascorbic acid will prevent the absorption of both Adderall XR and Adderall IR into the body. Fruit juices high in vitamin C act as an off switch by causing virtually all the amphetamines in the body to be excreted in the urine.
Can I take Adderall on an empty stomach?
The absorption of the two long-acting drugs used to treat the symptoms of ADHD is differently affected by the presence of food in the stomach, especially if that food is high in fat. Some data reported that serum levels of methylphenidate in people taking the extended form of the medications are not substantially different when the drug is taken with food or on an empty stomach.
When the absorption of the drug is significantly affected by the intake of food, its label generally says it is best to take it one hour before or two hours after taking a meal. The currently approved labeling for this medicine does not address any need to take the drug on an empty stomach.